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9 things everyone should know about self-care

Learn the key principles of self-care and support your well-being

The lockdowns associated with the COVID-19 pandemic demonstrated that our well-being can fluctuate and that when we identify what we need and take action, we can help ourselves feel better. This is self-care.

However, self-care is often thought of as selfish or superfluous, if it is thought about at all. Which couldn’t be further from the truth.

For this reason, I thought it would be useful to share what I consider key self-care principles.

self-care written inside a heart drawn on the sand

1. Self-care is deliberate action

Let’s start with a definition. Not easy because like a fish it’s slippery and difficult to catch, research done a decade ago found more than 139 definitions (1). Goodness knows how many are out there now!

The Self-Care Forum (2) defines self-care as:

The actions that individuals order to develop, protect, maintain and improve their health, well-being or wellness.

And these actions stretch along a continuum from things we do every day to keep ourselves well to looking after ourselves when we are feeling ill to living with and managing a long-term condition.

2. Self-care is personal

Our sense of well-being is subjective. It comes from how we feel about ourselves, function through our day and think our lives are going.

This means what we choose to do to support our well-being is personal.

For example, going for a run will certainly not energise or lift my mood (in fact, I know it will do the exact opposite) but it might feel good to you.

A recent Bring Mindfulness to Life participant rightly realised self-care actions are those we enjoy not endure.

This insight chimes with the work of Lyubomirsky and colleagues (3) that explored the three major factors thought to govern happiness: genetics, circumstance and activities an individual chooses to do. Their research found that it is activities that offer the best opportunities for sustainably increasing happiness.

3. Self-care goes beyond our physical needs

Whilst good hygiene, decent sleep, daily exercise, mitigating/avoiding risks, staying hydrated and eating well matter, as human beings we also have psychological needs that if not met negatively impact our well-being.

I divide all these needs into seven domains (Super Seven Needs) along the lines of Maslow (4) and the Human Givens Institute (5).

Our Super Seven Needs

Looking at these seven innate needs you will see how, depending on an individual's circumstances, Covid19 lockdowns could impact someone's mental well-being.

Whilst some emotional needs may be met through meeting a physical one (perhaps you gain a sense of achievement when you cook a new recipe or go for a run), there are other areas of life from which we can draw.

Our relationships, hobbies, professional and spiritual life can all go some way to meeting our needs.

For example, I might find fulfilment from:

  • being asked to write an article (recognition and purpose)

  • deep cleaning my kitchen (safety and achievement)

  • discussing new ideas (connection and personal development)

  • walking on a beach (physiological and meaning).

4. Self-care requires self-knowledge

If self-care is our personal responsibility, we need to know what we can do to manage and safeguard well-being.

How do we do this?

We take time to learn about ourselves. We identify what helps and what hinders us.

Know what drains or tires and what sustains or inspires you

From this place of knowledge, we can proactively plan for taxing days, situations, meetings, conversations etc.

We can also rearrange our activities and identify recharge points so that we are not so driven and empty from a never-ending chain of depleting activities that we are running on fumes.

5. Self-care can be done in the doing

For too long we have been sold that self-care activities are things to do after the doing is done.

When the kids are in bed, after this task is finished, on the weekend, after work I will...

Driven by the doing, we go from task to task never really stopping to notice how we are in all this doing. And a lot of the time, those self-care activities we promised ourselves get squeezed out by other priorities.

Very often we are last on our to-do list, if we even make it onto the list.

Until we bring mindfulness to life, we may not notice all the well-being boosters that punctuate our day. Too lost in the doing, we don’t recharge from that moment of achievement, awe or a-ha!

An exercise I ask my clients to do is to start to notice the things in their day that can refill them; the satisfaction of a task completed or an email sent, the smile of a child, sunshine.

6. Self-care includes protection

Self-care is not just about those actions that maintain or enhance our health and well-being but also those that safeguard it.

In other words, it is as much about choosing to not do something as it is to do something.

There is no self-care, if there are no boundaries.

How often do you offer, accept or agree to something that you later regret or resent? And what about the times we give in to short-term temptation (pushing on through lunch or another hour on screen) over long-term betterment?

7. Self-care starts with self-awareness

Alongside self-knowledge, being sufficiently self-aware to notice changes in body and mind is key to practicing self-care.

Being task and other focused we regularly lose connection with ourselves. But we cannot take action, if we don’t know we need to.

Routine activities (making a drink, washing our hands or turning a key) can be opportunities to pause and note how we are doing and what we might need.

Such mindful moments can mean the difference between attending to ourselves in good time and being dragged down by sinking-thinking or pressing on to depletion.

This is particularly true when we are feeling overwhelmed, overscheduled or overworked. Taking a mindful breath or three is a really helpful and resourceful action. It will interrupt the mind and reset the nervous system so that you can think more clearly and choose your next best action.

8. Self-care is not selfish

Without doing things to ensure we can think, feel and function well we will not be able to contribute, relate or give to others or the organisations of which we are a part.

We take for ourselves so that we can give to others.

It’s a cliché, but on a flight should there be a need to use the emergency oxygen system, we are told to fit our own mask before helping others with theirs.

Would you call that selfish? I call it necessary. So is self-care.

9. Self-care develops self-advocacy

In Western cultures we tend to value productivity and achievement (external outputs), the exact opposite of self-care which provides an internal outcome.

And whilst this has probably led to the self-indulgent and selfish stigma associated with practicing self-care, once you realise it is about acting responsibly, you feel empowered to take your needs into account, make requests and state boundaries. All of which can be done with grace.

The only person who truly has your back is you.


If we want to flourish and not flounder, we must accommodate the physical and emotional systems that run inside of us.

That means accepting, working with and caring about these aspects of ourselves. In doing so we not only understand ourselves better but also other people.

Take care of you,


Further reading

1: Godfrey CM, Harrison MB, Lysaght R, Lamb M, Graham ID, Oakley P. (2011). Care of self - care by other - care of other: the meaning of self-care from research, practice, policy and industry perspectives. Int J Evid Based Health. 2011 Mar;9(1):3-24. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-1609.2010.00196.x. PMID: 21332659.

2: Self-care Forum (n.d.). What do we mean by self care and why is it good for people? Retrieved 22 April, 2021.

3: Lyubomirsky, S., Sheldon, K. M., & Schkade, D. (2005). Pursuing happiness: The architecture of sustainable change. Review of General Psychology, 9(2), 111–131.

4: Cherry, K. (2021). The 5 Levels of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Retrieved 22 April, 2021, from verywellmind


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